Goats are known as one of the earliest domesticated animals in the world. Their create, such as milk, meat, skin and hair are used by many around the world. Female goats are known as nannies or does. Male goats, on the other hand, are called billies or bucks whilst the young ones known as kids. Goats are usually kept in farms. Lots of people think of owning a farm after retiring from their regular jobs. Beginning a goat farm is a rewarding farming job, if you ever choose to go through with the thought, but it entails high operating costs needed for a fruitful cows and dairy operation.
Beginning a goat farm promotes the constant growth of the livestock enterprise. In starting a goat farm, get to know the types of goat which you have. Not all types of goats serve a similar function in goat farming. A goat farm has to be operated based on goats’ breed and their purpose. Classify which group of goats may be used for dairy production. Evaluate the quality of goat which will qualify for producing meat. Group those who are fit for land management. Some goats can be used for fiber production. For goats which are going to be used for producing milk, they should be placed in an area in the farm with well-maintained milking equipment. Goats that will be used to make meat should be fed properly. Program for sheering and slaughtering goats have to be followed to allow production of clean and good quality meat. Improper feeding, aging and slaughtering of the animal will lead to inferior texture condition of cooked meat.
In starting a goat farm, learn about the prospect property’s geography and location. Find out whether the property is appropriate for goat farming. There are some breeds of goats that grow well in cooler climates. European-bred goats such as Swiss Alpine and Saanes are one of them. Southern meat goat breeds are more comfortable in drier climates. Beginning a goat farm is common in places where eating goat meat is daily practice. The ones that belong to the said group are the Muslims, Africans and Asians.
Take note that overcrowding must be prevented when starting a goat farm. The farm should have sufficient space to provide shelter to all of the animals. About 10 acres of land is needed to enable the farm to succeed. It must have an area to hold processing gear. It’s important to establish a means to identify the sort of goat based on its intended purpose. To identify goats belonging to the milk-producing group, place them together in 1 area in the farm. The species fit for dairy production are Swiss or French Alpine, Nubian, Saanen and Toggenburg. Species like Kiko and Boer are good sources of goat meat.